Mickey Mouse History

Mickey Mouse History

Mickey Mouse History and Other Essays on American Memory

336 pp, April 1996 Paperback, $30.95

336 pp, April 1996
Paperback, $30.95

Winner of the Historic Preservation Book Prize, The Center for Historic Preservation at Mary Washington College, 1997

 This is a book about why history matters. It shows how popularized historical images and narratives deeply influence Americans' understanding of their collective past. A leading public historian, Mike Wallace observes that we are a people who think of ourselves as having shed the past but also avid tourists who are on a "heritage binge," flocking by the thousands to Ellis Island, Colonial Williamsburg, or the Vietnam Memorial.

Wallace probes into the trivialization of history that pervades American culture as well as the struggles over public memory that provoke stormy controversy. The imbroglio surrounding the National Air and Space Museum's proposed Enola Gay exhibit was reported as centering on why the U.S. government decided to use the A-Bomb against Japan. Wallace scrutinizes the actual plans for the exhibit and investigates the ways in which the controversy drew in historians, veterans, the media, and the general public.

Whether his subject is multimillion dollar theme parks owned by powerful corporations, urban museums, or television docudramas, Mike Wallace shows how their depictions of history are shaped by assumptions about which pasts are worth saving, whose stories are worth telling, what gets left out, and who is authorized to make the decisions.


"Far more Americans learn their history from movies and TV and in venues like theme parks and museums, than from academic monographs. Yet Mike Wallace is one of the few historians to subject such forms of public history to serious analysis. With verve, humor, and above all a remarkable historical imagination, Wallace examines what visions of our nation's past are being conveyed to the public, and what in our history is being ignored or silenced. The result is fascinating and illuminating foray into a neglected aspect of modern American culture."
Eric Foner

"Mickey Mouse History is a highly entertaining book about a serious and sobering subject: uses and misuses of the American past in our own time. This book explains, better than any other, why history has been at the very heart of the culture wars in recent times. Wallace provides an animated inquiry into history as a hall of distorting mirrors, with particular attention to those who benefit and those who are deceived. This is a superb, eminently readable book. It deserves a very wide audience."
Michael Kammen, President, Organization of American Historians

"Mike Wallace has been running circles around history museums for twenty years — sometimes nipping at their heels, sometimes hollering encouragement from the flanks, now and then setting the pace and breaking the trail. Mickey Mouse History (itself anything but) shows better than any book so far how public debate keeps public history in shape."
Cary Carson, Vice President for Research, the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation

"...this is a terrific book — a deeply humane, often funny, empirically rich, and theoretically sophisticated look at a range of important topics and issues in the field of public history."

"...a small price to pay for the meticulous tour of public history that this volume offers and for it's ability to remind historians that their essential vocation is to serve as the public's memory."
The Journal of American History

"This is a well-written, fascinating book on the key issues related to the presentation of American history, the preservation of important historical sites and the use of American history by professional historians and corporate purveyors of American memories."
History Teacher


Introduction: Battlefields of Memory
Section I
1. Visiting the Past: History Museums in the United States
2. Razor Ribbons, History Museums, and Civic Salvation
3. Boat People: Immigrant History at the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island
4. Progress Talk: Museums of Science, Technology, and Industry
5. Industrial Museums and the History of Deindustrialization
6. The Virtual Past: Media and History Museums
7. Museums and Controversy
Section II
8. Mickey Mouse History: Portraying the Past at Disney World
9. Disney's America
Section III
10. Preserving the Past: A History of Historic Preservation
11. Preservation Revisited
Section IV
12. Ronald Reagan and the Politics of History
13. The Battle of the Enola Gay